MOSCOW (RIA Novosti): The leaders of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) agreed on the New Delhi Declaration following the summit, which was held via video link.
They called on all parties in Afghanistan to refrain from violence, called the fight against terrorism and drug trafficking a priority, stressed the need to resolve the humanitarian situation and respect human rights, including for women, children and minorities.
The leaders of the BRICS countries published a joint declaration.
The leaders of the countries expressed concern about the development of the situation in Afghanistan and called on the parties to refrain from violence and resolve the conflict by peaceful means.
“We are following the development of events in Afghanistan with concern. We call for refraining from the use of violence and resolving the situation by peaceful means,” the document says.
The leaders called for the promotion of inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue to ensure stability, civil peace and the rule of law in the country. In addition, the heads of state condemned the terrorist attacks near the Kabul airport.
Also, the BRICS Leaders urged not to allow terrorists to use the territory of Afghanistan for attacks on other countries.
“We emphasize the priority task of combating terrorism, including preventing the use of the territory of Afghanistan as a haven for terrorists and the commission of terrorist acts in other countries, as well as drug trafficking in this state,” the document says.
“We emphasize the need to resolve the humanitarian situation and respect human rights, including for wom-en, children and minorities,” the declaration says.
“We reiterate the importance of preserving the JCPOA in the interests of international and regional peace and stability, as well as the need to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue by peaceful and diplomatic means based on international law,” the document says.
Since April, talks have been held in Vienna between Iran and the international “five” (Russia, Great Britain, China, France and the FRG) on the problem of restoring the Iranian nuclear agreement in its original form. The parties are discussing the lifting of US sanctions on Iran, the fulfillment of nuclear obligations by Iran, as well as the return of the United States to the JCPOA. Representatives of the states parties to the agreement also hold separate consultations with the US delegation, without the participation of Iran. Initi-ally, the delegations expected to complete the work at the end of May, then – at the beginning of June.
“We reaffirm our commitment to preventing an arms race in outer space and placing weapons in outer space, as well as ensuring the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, including through the adoption of an appropriate legally binding multilateral document,” the declaration says.
The heads of state also noted the need to sign a treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space, the use of force or the threat of force against space objects.
“Together we stand for the long-term sustainability of outer space activities and enhancing the safety of space operations through the implementation and development of the guidelines of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space,” the document says.
“We reaffirm the important role of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (BTWC). in particular, an effective verification mechanism, “the declaration says.
“We also reaffirm our support for the Organiz-ation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OP-CW) and call on the states parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to comply with the Convention and ensure its integrity, as well as to engage in constructive dialogue with the aim of restoring the spirit of consensus in the OPCW,” the document says.
“We call for continued efforts to strengthen the system of treaties and agreements in the field of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation and preserve its integrity in order to maintain global stability, international peace and security, as well as preserve the effectiveness, efficiency and consensus of the relevant multilateral mechanisms in the field of disarmament , non-proliferation and arms control, “the document says.
The leaders reaffirmed the exclusive mandate of the UN Security Council to impose sanctions. They also stressed the need to refrain from any coercive measures not based on the norms of international law, in particular the UN Charter.
“We call for further consolidation and strengthening of the working methods of the UN Security Council sanctions committees to ensure their effectiveness, efficiency and transparency, and we look forward to further interaction between the BRICS countries on these issues,” the declaration says.
“We reaffirm our commitment to the principles of non-interference in the internal affairs of states and reiterate the need to resolve all conflicts peacefully through political and diplomatic efforts in accordance with international law, in particular the UN Charter,” the text of the document says. In addition, the leaders of the countries stressed “the inadmissibility of the threat or use of force either against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other way incompatible with the goals and principles of the UN.”
The declaration also recorded concern over the ongoing conflicts and violence in various regions of the world. The leaders of the BRICS countries approved the position of the foreign ministers of these countries, which was developed during their last meeting regarding the situation in Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Afghanistan, the Korean Peninsula, the Iranian nuclear program and Myanmar.
“We strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, regardless of when, where and by whom terrorist acts are committed,” the document says. “We reject double standards in the fight against terrorism and the extremism that leads to it,” the declaration says.
“We reiterate our commitment to combating illegal financial flows, money laundering and terrorist financing,” the document says.
It is also noted that the countries declare “strengthening cooperation and commitment to action in the international fight against corruption, including through multilateral mechanisms, taking into account national legal systems.” “We will continue to build up our anti-corruption potential through various educational systems and training programs,” the declaration says.
“We express our concern about the serious situation in the field of illegal production and trafficking of drugs around the world, recognizing it as a threat to public security, international and regional stability, as well as the health, security and well-being of mankind,” the document says.