BERLIN (AFP): Germany and Israel’s presidents will on Monday lead commemorations marking 50 years since the Munich Olympics attack, with hopes that a long-awaited compensation deal for bereaved families will help them finally begin healing from the painful episode.
A row over the financial offer previously made by Berlin to victims’ relatives had threatened to sour the ceremony, with family members planning a boycott.
But a deal was finally agreed on Wednesday for Berlin to provide 28 million euros ($28 million) in compensation. It also — for the first time — sees the German state acknowledging its “responsibility” in failings that led to the deaths of 11 Israelis.
Germany’s President Frank-Walter Steinmeier admitted on Sunday it was “shameful” that it had taken such a long time for Berlin to reach the agreement with victims’ families.
“For far too long, we have refused to acknowledge the pain of the bereaved,” said Steinmeier at a state banquet for his Israeli counter Isaac Herzog.
“And for far too long, we have not wanted to acknowledge that we also bear our share of responsibility. It was up to us to ensure the safety of the Israeli athletes,” he said.
Ahead of Monday’s ceremony at the Fuerstenfeldbruck air base where the hostage-taking reached its tragic climax, Germany’s official in charge of fighting anti-Semitism, Felix Klein, said it was “time for an apology”.
“And I think the president will find the right words at the commemoration event on Monday,” he told the Funke newspaper group.
‘No minimal effort’
On September 5, 1972, eight gunmen of the Palestinian militant group Black September stormed into the Israeli team’s flat at the Olympic village, shooting dead two and taking nine Israelis hostage.
West German police responded with a bungled rescue operation in which all nine hostages were killed, along with five of the eight hostage-takers and a police officer.
The Games were meant to showcase a new Germany 27 years after the Holocaust but instead opened a deep rift with Israel.
In 2012, Israel released 45 official documents on the killings, including specially declassified material, which lambasted the performance of the German security services.
Included in the reports is an official account from the former Israeli intelligence head Zvi Zamir who said the German police “didn’t make even a minimal effort to save human lives”.
‘Inhuman and incomprehensible’
Bereaved relatives have over the years battled to obtain an official apology from Germany, access to official documents and appropriate compensation beyond an initial 4.5 million euros.
As recently as just two weeks ago, relatives of the victims said they were offered 10 million euros — including the sum that had already been given.
Ankie Spitzer, whose husband Andre Spitzer was killed in the hostage-taking, had called the previous offer “insulting”.
“I came home with the coffins after the massacre,” she told AFP. “You don’t know what we’ve gone through for the past 50 years.”
Herzog underlined the pain faced by the grieving relatives, saying they simply “hit a wall” whenever they tried to raise the issue with Germany or even with the International Olympic Committee.
“I think there was tragic suppression here,” he said, noting the litany of failings that were “inhuman and incomprehensible” such as “the fact that the hostages were being led to slaughter and the Games went on”.
After an initial suspension, then-IOC president Avery Brundage had declared that “the Games must go on”.
Herzog voiced hope that the agreement would bring “this painful episode to a place of healing”.
“I hope that from now on, we shall continue to remember, invoke, and most importantly reaffirm the lessons of this tragedy, including the importance of fighting terror, for future generations,” said the Israeli president.
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